Clears heat and dries dampness, cools the blood and resolves toxins, quickens the blood and stops pain, transforms stasis and eliminates the putrid, closes sores and engenders flesh.
Pu Gong Ying ( Herba Taraxaci ), Mao Dong Qing ( Radix Ilicis Pubescentis ), Ku Shen ( Radix Sophorae Flavescentis ), Jin Yin Hua ( Flos Lonicerae ), and Zi Cao ( Radix Arnebiae/Lithospermi ) all clear heat and resolve fire toxins, dry dampness and close sores, disperse swelling and stop pain. Di Yu ( Radix Sanguisorbae ) and San Qi ( Radix Notoginseng ) clear heat and cool the blood, transform stasis and stop pain. Bing Pian ( Borneolum ) resolves toxins and settles pain, clears heat and eliminates turbidity. Xue Jie ( Sanguis Draconis ), Hong Hua ( Flos Carthami ), Niu Xi ( Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae ), and Dang Gui ( Radix Angelicae Sinensis ) transform stasis and eliminate the putrid (i.e., the necrotic), close sores and engender (new) flesh. Feng La ( Beeswax ) resolves toxins, engenders flesh, and stops pain. Zhi Ma You ( Sesame oil ) cools the blood and resolves fire toxins as well as nourishes and moistens the skin.